As salamu alaykum,
If someone enters the masjid and he sits down, is the tahiyaat al masjid prayer lifted up from this person i.e. he lost the reward and he cant pray it anymore ? Or can he pray it after a while of sitting, such as after the adhan of Dhuhr ?
Also if he sits can he join the intention to the pre-sunnah of Dhuhr when he stands up lets say after 10 minutes pray that ?
All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad is His Slave and Messenger.
It is permissible for the Muslim who enters the Masjid and sits down to stand up and perform Tahiyyat-ul-Masjid (the prayer of salutation to the mosque). Jabir ibn ‘Abdullah said: "Sulayk Al-Ghatafaani came on Friday when the Messenger of Allah was delivering the Khutbah. When he (Sulayk) sat down, the Prophet said to him: "O Sulayk, stand up and observe two Rak’ahs and make them short." [Al-Bukhari and Muslim] This Hadeeth shows that Tahiyyat-ul-Masjid is not yet required after one’s sitting. Some Muslim jurists held that it is not required after sitting deliberately. The Fatwa we give, however, is that it is still required after sitting and it is permissible for the Muslim to stand up and perform it, even after a long time according to the majority of scholars, based on the Hadeeth mentioned above, whether or not he has an excuse for sitting.
However, it is permissible for the Muslim who enters the Masjid to perform the confirmed Sunnah before Thuhr or any obligatory prayer immediately and it replaces Tahiyyat-ul-Masjid. That is because the point is to perform two Rak’ahs before sitting, and this takes place by performing any two Rak’ahs.
Allah Knows best.
Fatwa answered by: The Fatwa Center at Islamweb