Is keeping beard Farad, Sunnah or just Nafal? Please mention comments according to different Islamic scholars.
Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the World; and may His blessings and peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all his Family and Companions.
As for shaving the beard, it is Haram according to the Hanafi, Maliki, Hanbali schools of thought as well as most later scholars of al-Shafi'e school of thought.
On the other hand, most scholars believe that it is permissible and not Makruh (disliked) to cut off what exceeds one's fist of the beard hair. The same opinion is recorded by Ibn AbuShaiba in his Musannaf from Ali Ibn Abu Talib , Abu Hurairah , Abdullah Ibn 'Umar Ibn al-Khattab , Tawoos and al-Qasim Ibn Muhammad Ibn Abu Bakr . Jabir said: 'We do not shorten our beards except in Hajj or Umrah' .
In al-Muntaqa, Malik was asked: 'What to do if one's beard becomes too long?' He replied: 'I think it is better to trim it' .
Ibn Mufleh in al-Adab al-Shar'iyyah said: 'It is Sunnah to let one's beard grow. It is said: to the extent of one's fist. This means that one can trim what exceeds one's fist or leave it; it is better to leave it' .
In brief, there is disagreement among scholars concerning the definition of "letting beard grow". Some scholars believe to let it grow without any form of trimming to become long. Others say there is no objection to cut off what exceeds one's fist. But, it is known that the Sunnah of Allah's Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) is to completely avoid any form of trimming.
Allah knows best.
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