Invoking blessings upon the Prophet, sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam, eighty times on Friday
Fatwa No: 307192

  • Fatwa Date:26-12-2015 - Rabee' Al-Awwal 15, 1437
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Question

In South Africa, a hadith is quoted that says that if a person recites the durood Allaahumma sallee 'ala Muhammadin Nabee al-'ummiy waslamon a Friday after the 'Asr prayer 80 times, then so many years of their sins will be forgiven. Is this hadith authentic?

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah and that Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) is His slave and Messenger.

Perhaps you are referring to the hadeeth cited by Al-Ghazaali  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him and others; its wording is similar to what you have mentioned in the question. Al-Ghazaali  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him wrote:

"It is recommended to invoke the blessings of Allaah upon the Messenger of Allaah  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) on that day (Friday), as he  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) said, 'Whoever invokes blessing upon me on Friday eighty times, Allaah forgives him the sins of eighty years.' He was asked, 'O Messenger of Allaah, how do we invoke blessings upon you?' He said, 'You say, 'Allaahumma salli ʻala Muhammadin ʻabdika wa Nabiyyika wa Rasoolika, An-Nabiyy Al-Ummiyy,' (O Allaah, confer Your blessings upon Muhammad, Your slave, prophet, and messenger, the illiterate prophet) and you count it as one.'" [Ihyaa’ ʻUloom Al-Deen]

Al-Haafith Al-ʻIraaqi  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him commented in his revision of the book Ihyaa’ ʻUloom Al-Deen, "The hadeeth that reads, 'Whoever invokes blessings upon me on Friday eighty times...' was narrated by Ad-Daaraqutni on the authority of Ibn Al-Musayyib. He said, 'I think it was reported by Abu Hurayrah, and it is a ghareeb hadeeth (i.e. a hadeeth or version reported by one reliable or unreliable narrator which differs in context with another hadeeth or version reported by a group of reliable narrators). Ibn An-Nuʻmaan declared it a hasan (good) hadeeth.'"

Al-Munaawi  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him said in his book Faydh Al-Qadeer that Ibn Hajar  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him declared it inauthentic.

Hence, Hadeeth scholars held different opinions regarding the authenticity of this hadeeth; some declared it dha'eef (weak) and others declared it hasan.

Even if we assumed that the hadeeth is inauthentic, it is acceptable to act upon the inauthentic hadeeth provided that certain conditions are fulfilled. As-Sakhaawi  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him wrote:

"There are three conditions for the permissibility of acting upon an inauthentic hadeeth:

1) It should not be very weak; this excludes the reports transmitted by narrators declared as liars, of those who are accused of lying, or of those whose mistakes in transmission are serious. This condition is agreed upon by scholars.

2) It should have a basis in the sharee'ah; this excludes the fabricated reports with no ground or foundation in the sharee'ah.

3) When acting upon it, one should not believe that the hadeeth is authentic..." [Al-Qawl Al-Badeeʻ fi As-Salah ʻala Al-Habeeb Ash-Shafeeʻ]

We would like to highlight that invoking blessings and peace upon the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) is a very rewardable thikr (remembrance) that the Muslim should keenly recite more often, especially on Fridays. The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) said, "Among the most excellent of your days is Friday, so invoke more blessings on me on that day, for your invocations will be presented to me." The people asked, "O Messenger of Allaah, how will our invocations be presented to you while your body will have decayed?" He  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) replied, "Allaah, the Exalted, has prohibited the earth from consuming the bodies of Prophets." [Abu Daawood and others]

Allaah knows best.

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